Python ASCII Video And ASCII Image Creator

Project Source: https://gist.github.com/motiondesignstudio/9374326

[ Usage: To convert a video file to ASCII video with no audio. ]

./ascii_movie_image_ver_1.py myvideo.mkv 4 15

“myvideo.mkv” is the name of your video file. Supported video files are limited based on your system.
“4” is the density of ASCII characters.
“15” is the font size.

Changing the density and font size changes the look and feel of the video.

[ Usage: To convert a image file to a ASCII image. ]

./ascii_movie_image_ver_1.py myimage.jpg 4 15

“myimage.jpg” is the name of your image file. Supported image files are limited based on your system.
“4” is the density of ASCII characters.
“15” is the font size.

Changing the density and font size changes the look and feel of the image.

[ How To Modify ]

The following line: font = ImageFont.truetype(“/usr/share/fonts/truetype/freefont/FreeMonoBold.ttf”, fontsize, encoding=”unic”)

Is the path to the font being utilized. If you encounter errors with the font location point this to a location where your system stores a fixed width truetype font.

Modify any lines with “120,20,20” to change the background color of the image or video.
Modify any lines with “255,255,0” to change the font color.

The color is expressed as an RGB triplet (r,g,b), each component of which can vary from 0 to 255. If all the components are at zero the result is black; if all are at maximum, the result is the brightest representable white.

External link to FFMEG:

Modify this line to your external ffmpeg source.

subprocess.call([“./ffmpeg/ffmpeg”, “-i”, “%d.png”, “-r”, frame_rate, “-y”, “-c:v”, “libx264”, “-preset”, “slow”, “-crf”, “18”, “-c:a”, “copy”, “-pix_fmt”, “yuv420p”, “output.mkv” ])

[ Important ]
Non fixed width fonts might distort the image.

I use a static ffmpeg build because it runs faster and creates a smaller higher quality video. The ffmpeg commands I use is optimized for Youtube streaming. You can download the latest from. http://johnvansickle.com/ffmpeg/

Example:
Video


#!/usr/bin/env python

import sys
import cv2
import subprocess
from subprocess import call

import aalib
import Image

import PIL
from PIL import ImageFont
from PIL import Image
from PIL import ImageDraw

import imghdr

import ImageOps

import numpy as np

sys.dont_write_bytecode = True
videofilename=str(sys.argv[1]).strip()

#These two variables control the resolution and font size. They are interconnected.
#img_new_magnitude
#fontsize

try:
img_new_magnitude= int (str(sys.argv[2]).strip() )
except :
img_new_magnitude=4

try:
fontsize= int (str(sys.argv[3]).strip())
except :
fontsize= 15

font = ImageFont.truetype("/usr/share/fonts/truetype/freefont/FreeMonoBold.ttf", fontsize, encoding="unic")

def create_ascii_video_2():
#Extract the image size:
image_width, image_height =calculate_image_size_from_video ()
#Extract the number of rows and length of the string in pixels which is used for the image being
#created based on the width and height of the text.
how_many_rows, new_img_width = calculate_image_size_from_video_2 ()

vc = cv2.VideoCapture(videofilename)
saved_file_name=""
frame_rate=str (vc.get(cv2.cv.CV_CAP_PROP_FPS))

#Png file name counter
c=0

if vc.isOpened():
rval , frame = vc.read()
else:
rval = False

while rval:
rval, frame = vc.read()

#Check to see if file is a valid image. I notice the last frame of the video is an empty file at times:
try:
myimage= Image.fromarray(frame)
except (TypeError, AttributeError):
print ("cannot identify image while loop in function create_ascii_video_2", myimage)
continue

aalib_screen_width= int(image_width/25.28)*img_new_magnitude
aalib_screen_height= int(image_height/41.39)*img_new_magnitude

screen = aalib.AsciiScreen(width=aalib_screen_width, height=aalib_screen_height )

myimage= Image.fromarray(frame).convert("L").resize(screen.virtual_size)

screen.put_image((0,0), myimage)

img=Image.new("RGBA", (new_img_width, how_many_rows*fontsize),(120,20,20))
draw = ImageDraw.Draw(img)
y = 0
for lines in screen.render().splitlines():
draw.text( (0,y), lines, (255,255,0),font=font )
y = y + fontsize

imagefit = ImageOps.fit(img, (image_width, image_height), Image.ANTIALIAS)

imagefit.save(str(c)+'.png', "PNG")

c = c + 1
cv2.waitKey(1)

vc.release()
cv2.destroyAllWindows()

subprocess.call(["./ffmpeg/ffmpeg", "-i", "%d.png", "-r", frame_rate, "-y", "-c:v", "libx264", "-preset", "slow", "-crf", "18", "-c:a", "copy", "-pix_fmt", "yuv420p", "output.mkv" ])

clean_up(c)

def create_ascii_image():

myimage= Image.open(videofilename)
image_width, image_height = myimage.size

aalib_screen_width= int(image_width/24.9)*img_new_magnitude
aalib_screen_height= int(image_height/41.39)*img_new_magnitude

screen = aalib.AsciiScreen(width=aalib_screen_width, height=aalib_screen_height )

myimage= Image.open(videofilename).convert("L").resize(screen.virtual_size)
screen.put_image((0,0), myimage)

y = 0

how_many_rows = len ( screen.render().splitlines() )

new_img_width, font_size = font.getsize (screen.render().splitlines()[0])

img=Image.new("RGBA", (new_img_width, how_many_rows*fontsize),(120,20,20))
draw = ImageDraw.Draw(img)

for lines in screen.render().splitlines():
draw.text( (0,y), lines, (255,255,0),font=font )
y = y + fontsize

imagefit = ImageOps.fit(img, (image_width, image_height), Image.ANTIALIAS)

imagefit.save("ascii_photo.png", "PNG")

def clean_up(howmuchtodelete):
i=0
while i< howmuchtodelete :
subprocess.call(["rm", str(i)+".png" ])
i=i+1

def complete_alert_message(the_message):
font = ImageFont.truetype("/usr/share/fonts/truetype/freefont/FreeMonoBold.ttf",40)
img=Image.new("RGBA", (200,70),(120,20,20))
draw = ImageDraw.Draw(img)
draw.text((5, 0),the_message,(255,255,0),font=font)
img.show()

def calculate_image_size_from_video ():

vc = cv2.VideoCapture(videofilename)

if vc.isOpened():
rval , frame = vc.read()

#Extract the image size:
try:
myimage= Image.fromarray(frame)
return myimage.size
except IOError:
print ("cannot identify image file", myimage)

else:
print ("In fucntion calculate_image_size_from_video I could not find the video frame size." )

def calculate_image_size_from_video_2 ():
#Extract the image size:
image_width, image_height =calculate_image_size_from_video ()

vc = cv2.VideoCapture(videofilename)

if vc.isOpened():
rval , frame = vc.read()
else:
rval = False

while rval:
rval, frame = vc.read()

#Check to see if file is a valid image. I notice the last frame of the video is an empty file at times:
try:
myimage= Image.fromarray(frame)
except (TypeError, AttributeError):
print ("cannot identify image", myimage)
continue

aalib_screen_width= int(image_width/25.28)*img_new_magnitude
aalib_screen_height= int(image_height/41.39)*img_new_magnitude

screen = aalib.AsciiScreen(width=aalib_screen_width, height=aalib_screen_height )

myimage= Image.fromarray(frame).convert("L").resize(screen.virtual_size)

screen.put_image((0,0), myimage)

how_many_rows = len ( screen.render().splitlines() )

new_img_width, font_size = font.getsize (screen.render().splitlines()[0])

cv2.waitKey(1)
vc.release()
return (how_many_rows, new_img_width )

def test_if_image_or_video ():

if imghdr.what(videofilename) != None :
print ("This is a image file.")
create_ascii_image()
else:
print ("This is probably not a image.")
create_ascii_video_2()

test_if_image_or_video ()

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